Theognis: Three Fragments on Tyrants, Enemies and Friends



“Bring down a people-eating tyrant however you desire

No criticism for this comes from the gods”


δημοφάγον δὲ τύραννον ὅπως ἐθέλεις κατακλῖναι

οὐ νέμεσις πρὸς θεῶν γίνεται οὐδεμία.



“Alas, I am a wretch: because of the terrors I have suffered

I bring pleasure to my enemies and toil to my friends”


῎Ωιμοι ἐγὼ δειλός· καὶ δὴ κατάχαρμα μὲν ἐχθροῖς,

τοῖσι φίλοις δὲ πόνος δεινὰ παθὼν γενόμην.




“I’ll fault no enemy when he is noble,

nor will I praise a friend when he is wrong”


Οὐδένα τῶν ἐχθρῶν μωμήσομαι ἐσθλὸν ἐόντα,

οὐδὲ μὲν αἰνήσω δειλὸν ἐόντα φίλον.

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