The Iliad’s Three Asioi

Asios 1 is from Lydia, son of Kotyon, king of the Lydians

Schol. Ad Il. A 2.261

“Asios was the son of Kotus and Muiô, the king of the Lydians, as Khristodôros claims in his Lydian Histories: “Kotus took another wife to share his bed, the white-armed girl named Muio / and she bore the son Asios.”

[Asios] was from Asios, the son of Kotus the king of Ludia. Kaüstros was son of Penthesilea the Amazon, [and it was he] who married Derketô in Askalôn and had Semiramis from her. Among the Syrians, Derketô is called Atargatîs”

ex. <᾿Ασίω:> ῎Ασιος υἱὸς Κότυος καὶ Μυιοῦς, Λυδῶν βασιλεύς, ὥς φησι Χριστόδωρος ἐν τοῖς Λυδιακοῖς (FGrHist 283, 1)· „Κότυς λευκώλενον ἄλλην / ἤγετο κουριδίην ὁμοδέμνιον, οὔνομα Μυιοῦν· / ἡ δ’ ῎Ασιον τέκε κοῦρον”. A

Ep. Hom. | <᾿Ασίω:> ἀπὸ τοῦ ᾿Ασίου τοῦ Κότυος βασιλέως Λυδίας ex. (Porph. ?) Κάϋστρος υἱὸς Πενθεσιλείας τῆς ᾿Αμαζόνος, ὃς ἐν ᾿Ασκάλωνι ἔγημεν τὴν Δερκετὼ καὶ ἐξ αὐτῆς ἔσχεν τὴν Σεμίραμιν. | ἡ δὲ Δερκετὼ παρὰ Σύροις καλεῖται᾿Αταργατῖς. A


Asios 2 is the son of Hurtakos, also Phrygia or from Arisbê

Schol. Ad Il. 2. 838

“Asios the son of Hurtakos, the marshal of men”: there is a fact that this Asios has the same name as a brother of Hekabê. Aristarchus indicates the same named men in work about Pulaimenos. And regarding the repetition, that this is something extra in the Iliad.”

τῶν αὖθ’ ῾Υρτακίδης <ἦρχ’ ῎Ασιος, ὄρχαμος ἀνδρῶν, / ῎Ασιος ῾Υρτακίδης>: ὅτι ὁ ῎Ασιος οὗτος ὁμώνυμός ἐστι τῷ ῾Εκάβης ἀδελφῷ (cf. Π 717). ἐσημειοῦτο δὲ ὁ ᾿Αρίσταρχος τὰς ὁμωνυμίας πρὸς τὰ <περὶ> Πυλαιμένους. καὶ πρὸς τὴν ἐπανάληψιν, ὅτι πλεονάζει ἐν ᾿Ιλιάδι. A ex. (Ariston.?) <῎Ασιος ῾Υρτακίδης:> τῇ ἐπαναλήψει ἐσημειώσατο τὸν ἥρωα ὡς λέξων περὶ αὐτοῦ. καὶ ὅτι διὰ τοὺς ἵππους ὀλεῖται (cf.Ν 392). b(BCE3)

“He is Phrygian. The younger poets say that Troy and Phrygia are the same. But Homer does not say this. Aeschylus agrees. These are from a smaller part of Phrygia. The greater part lies along the Sangarios where Asios “who is the maternal uncle of Hektor tamer of horses.”

Ariston. | ex. Φρύγας: ὅτι οἱ νεώτεροι τὴν Τροίαν καὶ τὴν Φρυγίαν τὴν αὐτὴν λέγουσιν, ὁ δὲ ῞Ομηρος οὐχ οὕτως. Αἰσχύλος (fr. 446 N.2 242c M. = 446 R.) δὲ συνέχεεν. | οὗτοι δὲ τῆς μικρᾶς εἰσι Φρυγίας. ἡ δὲ μεγάλη παρὰ τῷ Σαγγαρίῳ κεῖται, ὅθεν καὶ ῎Ασιος, „ὃς μήτρως ἦν ῞Εκτορος ἱπποδάμοιο” (Π 717). A

Schol ad. Il. 12.96

Asios the son of Hurtakos whom horses brought from Arisbe.”…he is about the describe his bold dead, and he has properly designated him through his horses and his father. Arisbê is a city on the Hellespont. He is saying that it was bold for them to come to Troy by foot.

Aristonicus: Asios the son of Hyrtakos: there is a bit extra in the Iliad in the repetitions of this [name]. in the Odyssey it only comes up once.

ex. ῎Ασιος ῾Υρτακίδης, ὃν ᾿Αρίσβηθεν φέρον ἵπποι </ αἴθωνες μεγάλοι>: μέλλων αὐτοῦ θρασεῖαν διηγεῖσθαι πρᾶξιν, εἰκότως ἐπεσημειώσατο αὐτὸν διὰ τῶν ἵππων καὶ πατρός. b(BCE3) T ᾿Αρίσβη δὲ πόλις ῾Ελλησπόντου. φησὶν δὲ ὅτι θαρρῶν αὐτοῖς πεζὸς ἧκεν εἰς ῎Ιλιον.
Ariston. ῎Ασιος ῾Υρτακίδης: ὅτι πλεονάζει ἐν ᾿Ιλιάδι τὰς ἐπαναλήψεις, ἐν ᾿Οδυσσείᾳ δὲ ἅπαξ (sc. α 23).

Attic cup depicting a greek sailing ship. Upper detail. Black figures decoration. Archaic Greek art. Ceramics. Date: Source: FRANCE. Paris. Louvre Museum.

Asios 3 is Hektor’s Uncle

Il. 16.715-719

“Apollo then stood next to him as he was thinking,
Appearing in the shape of a noble and strong man,
Asios, who was the maternal uncle of Hektor the tamer of horses,
One who was a brother of Hekabê, the son of Dumas.
He used to live in Phrygia along the course of the Sangarios.”

ταῦτ’ ἄρα οἱ φρονέοντι παρίστατο Φοῖβος ᾿Απόλλων
ἀνέρι εἰσάμενος αἰζηῷ τε κρατερῷ τε
᾿Ασίῳ, ὃς μήτρως ἦν ῞Εκτορος ἱπποδάμοιο
αὐτοκασίγνητος ῾Εκάβης, υἱὸς δὲ Δύμαντος,
ὃς Φρυγίῃ ναίεσκε ῥοῇς ἔπι Σαγγαρίοιο·

Schol ad. Il. 16.718b

“the brother of Hekabe, the “son of Dumas”. Of Dumas and the nymph Euthoê, according to Pherecydes. But according to Athenaion, he was the son of Kisseus and Têlekleia. Unless Asios is a son of the same mother as Hekabe. For Asios is recently present. Therefore, he does not mention him in the Catalogue.”

ex. αὐτοκασίγνητος ῾Εκάβης, <υἱὸς δὲ Δύμαντος>: Δύμαντος καὶ Εὐθόης νύμφης, ὡς Φερεκύδης (FGrHist 3, 136b)· ᾿Αθηναίων (FGrHist 546,2) δὲ Κισσέως καὶ Τηλεκλείας, εἰ μὴ ἄρα ὁμομήτριος αὐτῇ ὁ ῎Ασιος. νεωστὶ δὲ πάρεστιν ὁ ῎Ασιος· διὸ οὐδὲ ἐν τῷ Καταλόγῳ αὐτοῦ μέμνηται. T



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