Early Interpolations in Homer

J.E. Sandys, A History of Classical Scholarship Vol. 1: 

Early Interpolations

“There are some dubious stories of early interpolations in the Homeric poems. Thus Peisistratus is said to have introduced into the Odyssey a line in honour of the Attic hero, Theseus[1]; and both Solon and Peisistratus are credited with the insertion of a line referring to Ajax, for the supposed purpose of proving that Salamis was an ancient possession of Athens[2]; but, as the recovery of Salamis took place in Solon’s time, while Peisistratus was still a boy, Solon alone should have been mentioned in this connexion[3] Onomacritus, who is said to have been one of the four who put together the Homeric poems under the authority of Peisistratus[4], was, according to Herodotus, caught in the act of interpolating the oracles of Musaeus, and was banished by the tyrant’s son, Hipparchus[5].”

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[1] Od. Xi 631 Θησέα Πειρίθοόν τε, θεῶν ἐρικυδέα τέκνα· Plutarch, Theseus 20; cp. Flach, p. 27.

[2] Il. Ii 558, στῆσε δ’ ἄγων ἵν’ ᾿Αθηναίων ἵσταντο φάλαγγες. Strabo, p. 394; cp. Flach, p.29

[3] Cp. Diog. Laert. i 2, 57, and see Busolt, Gr. Gesch. ii 220.

[4] Tzetzes, Proleg. In Aristoph. τεσσάρων ὄντων ἐπὶ Πεισιστράτου συνθέντων <τῶν> ῞Ομηρον. Cp. La Roche, Hom. Textkr. P.10, and Jebb’s Homer p. 115.

[5] Her. vii 6.

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