A Universe of Change

Diogenes Laertius, Hippasos [Lives of the Philosophers, 8.6] 

“Hippasos of Metapontum was also a Pythagorean. He used to say that the time of the transformation of the universe is specific and that the Everything is bounded and always moving.

Demetrius says that he left no written text in his work People of the Same Name. There were two Hippases. This one and another one who wrote five books about the constitution of the Lakonians. He was also Lakonian.”

Ἵππασος Μεταποντῖνος καὶ αὐτὸς Πυθαγορικός. ἔφη δὲ χρόνον ὡρισμένον εἶναι τῆς τοῦ κόσμου μεταβολῆς καὶ πεπερασμένον εἶναι τὸ πᾶν καὶ ἀεικίνητον.
Φησὶ δ᾿ αὐτὸν Δημήτριος ἐν Ὁμωνύμοις μηδὲν καταλιπεῖν σύγγραμμα. γεγόνασι δ᾿ Ἵππασοι δύο, οὗτός τε καὶ ἕτερος γεγραφὼς ἐν πέντε βιβλίοις Λακώνων πολιτείαν· ἦν δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς Λάκων.

Heraclitus, On the Universe 79

“Time is a child playing games with dice. The kingdom is a child’s”

Αἰὼν παῖς ἐστι παίζων πεσσεύων· παιδὸς ἡ βασιληίη.

Plato, Parmenides 162c

“Certainly, then, what does not exist moves since it goes through a change from being to not being.”

καὶ κινούμενον ἄρα τὸ οὐκ ὂν ἓν πέφανται, ἐπείπερ καὶ μεταβολὴν ἐκ τοῦ εἶναι ἐπὶ τὸ μὴ εἶναι ἔχον.

Arrian’s Discourses of Epicetus [=Stobaeus IV. 44, 66]

“Everything heeds and serves the Universe: the land, the sea, the sun, and the rest of the stars, along with the earth’s plants and animals. Our body obeys it too whether in sickness or health, in youth and old age, when the Universe wants, through all our other changes as well.

For this reason it is logical that what is under our control–our judgment–should not be the only thing to resist it. The Universe is powerful and strong and it has planned better on our behalf by combining us with everything else it governs. To act against these forces, moreover, is illogical and it results in little more than a useless effort all while creating pain and suffering.”

Πάντα ὑπακούει τῷ κόσμῳ καὶ ὑπηρετεῖ καὶ γῆ καὶ θάλασσα καὶ ἥλιος καὶ τὰ λοιπὰ ἄστρα καὶ τὰ γῆς φυτὰ καὶ ζῷα· ὑπακούει δὲ αὐτῷ καὶ τὸ ἡμέτερον σῶμα καὶ νοσοῦν καὶ ὑγιαῖνον, ὅταν ἐκεῖνος θέλῃ, καὶ νέαζον καὶ γηρῶν καὶ τὰς ἄλλας διερχόμενον μεταβολάς. οὐκοῦν εὔλογον καί, ὃ ἐφ᾿ ἡμῖν ἐστί, τουτέστι τὴν κρίσιν, μὴ ἀντιτείνειν μόνην πρὸς αὐτόν· καὶ γὰρ ἰσχυρός ἐστι καὶ κρείσσων καὶ ἄμεινον ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν βεβούλευται μετὰ τῶν ὅλων καὶ ἡμᾶς συνδιοικῶν. πρὸς δὲ τούτοις καὶ ἡ ἀντίπραξις μετὰ τοῦ ἀλόγου καὶ πλέον οὐδὲν ποιοῦσα πλὴν τὸ διακενῆς σπᾶσθαι καὶ περιπίπτειν ὀδύναις καὶ λύπαις ποιεῖ.

by D Sharon Pruitt

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