On Curbing Temper and Intemperance: Plutarch, How to Study Poetry 31b-c

“It is a wonderful mark of forethought not to miss the fact that you have an uncontrollable temper and just be difficult and emotional by nature, but instead handle it well and be on guard against causes of anger and to defer them by considering the matter beforehand in order not to unwillingly descend into such suffering, is a mark of wondrous forethought. A similar approach toward wine is best for someone fond of drinking or toward sex for the rather lusty among us.”

τὸ γὰρ ἐπισφαλῶς πρὸς ὀργὴν ἔχοντα καὶ φύσει τραχὺν ὄντα καὶ θυμοειδῆ μὴ λανθάνειν ἑαυτὸν ἀλλ’ ἐξευλαβεῖσθαι καὶ φυλάττεσθαι τὰς αἰτίας καὶ προκαταλαμβάνειν τῷ λογισμῷ πόρρωθεν ὅπως οὐδ’ ἄκων τῷ πάθει περιπεσεῖται, θαυμαστῆς ἐστι προνοίας. οὕτω δὲ δεῖ καὶ πρὸς μέθην τὸν φίλοινον ἔχειν καὶ πρὸς ἔρωτα τὸν ἐρωτικόν•