Hey Man, Is That a Mustache or a Wine Strainer?

Diodorus Siculus 5.28:

“The Gauls possess good bodily proportions, their skin is wet and white, and their hair is blonde not just from nature, but also on account of the preparation which they employ to increase the peculiar nature of that color. They constantly wash their hair with chalk diluted in water, and use this from the ends of their bangs all the way to the top of their scalp and the outer reaches of their hair, in such a way that they seem in appearance like Satyrs or Pans. Their hair is thickened by this routine, such that it seems little different from the hair on a horse’s mane.

Some of them shave their cheeks, and others will let their beards grow a bit. The nobles shave their cheeks, but let their moustaches grow out to the point that they cover their lips. For that reason, their mustaches get full of food, and when they drink, it is as though their beverages are run through a strainer.”

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Οἱ δὲ Γαλάται τοῖς μὲν σώμασίν εἰσιν εὐμήκεις, ταῖς δὲ σαρξὶ κάθυγροι καὶ λευκοί, ταῖς δὲ κόμαις οὐ μόνον ἐκ φύσεως ξανθοί, ἀλλὰ καὶ διὰ τῆς κατασκευῆς ἐπιτηδεύουσιν αὔξειν τὴν φυσικὴν τῆς χρόας ἰδιότητα. Τιτάνου γὰρ ἀποπλύματι σμῶντες τὰς τρίχας συνεχῶς {καὶ} ἀπὸ τῶν μετώπων ἐπὶ τὴν κορυφὴν καὶ τοὺς τένοντας ἀνασπῶσιν, ὥστε τὴν πρόσοψιν αὐτῶν φαίνεσθαι Σατύροις καὶ Πᾶσιν ἐοικυῖαν· παχύνονται γὰρ αἱ τρίχες ἀπὸ τῆς κατεργασίας, ὥστε μηδὲν τῆς τῶν ἵππων χαίτης διαφέρειν. Τὰ δὲ γένεια τινὲς μὲν ξυρῶνται, τινὲς δὲ μετρίως ὑποτρέφουσιν· οἱ δ´ εὐγενεῖς τὰς μὲν παρειὰς ἀπολειαίνουσι, τὰς δ´ ὑπήνας ἀνειμένας ἐῶσιν, ὥστε τὰ στόματα αὐτῶν ἐπικαλύπτεσθαι. Διόπερ ἐσθιόντων μὲν αὐτῶν ἐμπλέκονται ταῖς τροφαῖς, πινόντων δὲ καθαπερεὶ διά τινος ἡθμοῦ φέρεται τὸ πόμα.

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